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SMSF Glossary
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  T  U  V Y  Z
   
abhyas
practice
 
abhyasi
  aspirant; one who practices yoga in order to achieve union with God.
   
  adi
  original
   
  adi guru
  original Guru: Lalaji, in Sahaj Marg
   
  adi tatva
  original element
   
  aditya
  The Sun
   
  aditya hridayam
  A Sanskrit chant praising the Sun; a prayer to the Sun God (from the Ramayana)
   
  advaita (adwaita)
  State of unity (Non-duality)
   
  agamic initiation
  Initiation according to the Agamas. The Agamas are a body of spiritual literature dealing with temple rituals, temple architecture, etc.
   
  agni
  Fire, the fire element or principle
   
  agni naadi
  The fire (current or channel)
   
agya chakra
  See ajna chakra
   
  aham
  The ego; I
   
  ahamta
  Egoism
   
  aham bhrahmasmi
  I am Brahma
   
  ahamkara (ahamkar)
  Ego
   
  ahimsa
  Non-violence
   
  aikya
  Oneness, unity
   
  aikya bhava
  Feeling of oneness
   
  ajapa
  Meditation without utterance of any mantra
   
  ajna chakra (agya chakra)
  The fire point located between the eyebrows. Trikuti
   
akarta
  Non-doer; one who does not do
   
  akasha
  Space, sky. The space element or principle
   
  akasha naadi
  The space, or etheric, naadi
   
  aksi
  Reflected condition
   
  anaadi
  Without beginning
   
  anahat
  Sound which cannot be heard. Literally, “not hit"
   
  ananda (anandam)
  Bliss
   
  anandamaya kosha
  Sheath of bliss
   
  anant
  Infinity or endlessness
   
  anant-ki-or
  Towards infinity
   
anansuyatmaka buddhi
  Mind free of jealousy
   
  anasuya
  One who has no jealousy
   
  anda
  Egg; Macrocosm
   
  angas
  Limbs
   
  anoraniyan
  Smaller than the smallest
   
  annam
  Food
   
  annayama kosha
  Physical sheath or food sheath (matter)
   
  antaryami
  The God within; the In-Dweller
   
  anubhava
  Intuitional perception or personal experience in the realm of Nature or God
   
  anubhava shakti
  Intuitive capacity, capacity acquired by experience
   
anumana
  Hypothesis, hypothetical
   
  anushatanam
  Performance of daily rituals
   
  ap
  Water or water principle
   
  apara brahman
  Determinate Absolute (see Saguna Brahman)
   
  aparigraha
  Non-covetousness
   
  appa
  Father; affectionate term, like papa. Equivalent to the Hebrew Abba
   
  arhat
  One of the qualifications of Gautama the Buddha. One who is fit; one who deserves.
   
  arjuna
  To whom Krishna gave the Gita in the Mahabharata
   
  asan (asana)
  Posture
   
  asabda
  Soundless, non-verbal
   
ashanthi
  Disquiet, having no peace
   
  ashram (ashrama)
  “Ashram” comes from the Sanskrit “Shreyas” which applies, in the spiritual sense, to the growth of benefits which are connected to the higher level. An ashram is also a kind of refuge, a place of retreat from today’s life. Ashrams in Sahaj Marg are dedicated to meditation only, all other activities are normally not allowed in the Ashram. An Ashram is usually charged by the Master, who creates a special atmosphere of spirituality conducive to meditation.
   
  ashtanga-yoga (ashtang-yoga)
  Patanjali described youga as having eight limbs: yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, pratyahara, dharana, dhyana and samadhi
   
  astheyam
  Non-stealing.
   
  asuya
  Jealousy
   
  atma chakra
  Heart chakra. In Sahaj Marg, the second, or soul, point
   
  atman
  Soul
   
  atmanand
  Bliss of soul
   
  avadhuta (avahoota)
  Generally revered as elevated souls, but are really persons with spiritual aspirations who have become “fixed” at a certain level because their development has been arrested
   
avakasha
  Time
   
  avarana (avaran)
  Layers of grossness; coverings
   
  avasthas
  Conditions, states
   
  avatar
  Incarnation of a Divine soul
   
  avyakta gati
  Undifferentiated state. State where man is completely liberated from Maya limitations. Inexpressible condition
   
  avidya
  Ignorance
   
  ayodhya
  Birthplace of Lord Rama
   
basant panchami
Fifth day of spring in the lunar calendar. It is also Lalaji’s birthday
 
bhaava
  Attitude of mind
   
  bhajan
  Chanted prayer
   
  bhakta
  Devotee
   
  bhakti
  Devotion.
   
  bhamuk
  Illusion
   
  bhandara
  A spiritual gathering or celebration
   
  bharat (bharata)
  Lord Rama’s brother
   
  bhavas
  Expression of an inner condition; attitudes of the mind
   
  bhishma pitamah
  Grand uncle of the Pandavas and the Kauravas in the Mahabharata epic
   
  bhog (bhoga, bhogam)
  Process of undergoing effects of impressions; experience; enjoyment
   
bhrumadhya
  Between the eyebrows
   
  bhuh
  One of the states of consciousness
   
  bhuma (bhooma)
  Absolute; Ultimate; Base
   
  bhumika
  Stage in spiritual evolution
   
  bhuvah
  One of the states of consciousness
   
  bismil
  Auspicious beginning
   
  bodh
  Wisdom
   
  brahman (brahm)
  Center; God; Ultimate
   
  brahmacharya
  Student phase of life; celibacy; literally “like Brahman"
   
  brahma-gandha
  Divine smell
   
brahmagati
  Divine state, state of Brahman
   
  brahma-kama
  Love of God; desire for God
   
  brahma loka
  World or realm of the Divine
   
  brahmanda (brahmand)
  Astral world. Cosmos
   
  brahmanda mandal (brahmanda desh)
  Mental sphere, supra-material sphere, cosmic region; sphere where everything manifests under a subtle shape before taking place in the material world
   
  brahmandi sur
  Celestial vibrations
   
  brahmarandhra
  A point or opening in the crown of the head
   
  brahma-rasa
  Divine pleasure, enjoyment, or taste
   
  brahma-sabda
  Divine sound
   
  brahma-sparsa
  Divine touch
   
brahmopadesha
  Initiation; teaching of higher knowledge about Brahman
   
  bhruvormadhya
  Point between the eyebrows, used in certain Yogic systems as a point for concentration
   
  buddham saranam gacchami
  “I seek refuge in the Buddha”
   
  buddhi
  Intellect
   
cakra
See chakra
 
chaitanyata (chetanyata)
  Consciousness, including a subtle activity
   
  chakra
  Center of super-vital forces located in different parts of the body; figuratively called lotus
   
  chela
  Student or disciple
   
  chit (chitta)
  Consciousness
   
  chit lake
  Another name for Brahmanda Mandal
   
  cleaning
  Specific meditation technique prescribed to be practiced at the end of each day by a Sahaj Marg abhyasi, wherein the will power is used to remove subtle distortions (vikshep), coverings (avarana) and impurities (mala) that impede spiritual development
   
dakshina
South; also offering by disciple to Guru for training received
 
dakshinayana
  The six months of the sun’s southern path
   
  dam
  Control of senses and indriyas
   
  darshan
  Vision of someone’s inner Reality
   
  deva vani
  Divine voice
   
  devata
  A god; cosmic personality
   
  devi upska
  A Devi (Mother-Goddess) worshipper. Tantrik worship
   
  dharana (dharna)
  Mental focus (sixth limb of Patanjali’s yoga)
   
  dharma
  A term with many applications, depending on the context: duty; righteousness; destined way; truth; virtue; that which upholds
   
  dharmaja
  One born of righteousness. Also, first-born child
   
  dharmakaya
  The dharma body, body built of righteousness
   
  dhoti
  A long cloth worn by men around the waist
   
dhi
  An element of samadhi; sama, meaning balance, and adhi, meaning original or ancient. See samadhi
   
  dhruvagati
  State of Dhruva (see DHRUVA)
   
  dhruva (dhruv pad)
  Highly evolved soul. First or lowest level of cosmic functionary. Below the Dhruvadhipati
   
  dhruvadhipati
  Godly functionary of great caliber who directs the work of the Dhruvas. Below the Parishad
   
  dhyana (dhyan)
  Meditation (seventh limb of Patanjali’s yoga)
   
  diksha
  Initiation
   
  durga chakra
  Durga plexus
   
  dvaita
  Duality
   
  dvndva
  Dualities; the pairs of opposites (e.g., good-bad, pleasure-pain)
   
ekagra vritti
Tendency to fix our attention on one thing at a time
 
 
fana
A spiritual condition. Also, destroyed or sacrificed
 
 
   
   
gaddi
A mattress for sitting on the floor. In politics, the expression “to aspire for the gaddi” means to seek to be the leader of an organization.
 
  gayathri
  One of the mantras
   
  gayathri upadesh
  Teaching of the Gayathri mantra
   
  gita
  Divine knowledge given to Arjuna by Lord Krishna in the Mahabharata. Also, the Bhagavad Gita, or “Song of God,” an essential scripture of Hinduism, containing a portion of the epic Mahabharata
   
  granthi
  Knot
   
  grihastaha (grahastha)
  One who leads a worldly life, a householder
   
  grihastha ashrama
  Conditions or circumstances of a household life
   
  gunas
  The three qualities of nature in Hindu philosophy: sattva, rajas and tamas
   
guru
  Master who transmits light, knowledge; a spiritual teacher
   
  guru dakshina
  Fee offered to the guru for training received, generally at the end of the training
   
  gurumat
  Disciples who obey the commands of the Master in all matters and try to submit to his will in all possible ways. Note: Do not confuse with GURU MATA which is the common name given to the Guru’s wife
   
  guru pashu
  People who become devoted to the Master’s physical form
   
  guru sthan
  The place where the guru sits during satsangh
   
  gyana
  See jnana
   
  gyani
  See janani
   
hanuman
Lord Rama’s faithful servant in the Ramayana
 
harijan
  Children of God; fifth caste
   
  hatha yoga
  The first four stages of Patanjali’s Ashtanga Yoga. The practice of yoga concerning the body
   
  havan
  Offering of an oblation with fire. Also called Homa
   
  hindi
  Language of North India, but commonly spoken throughout most of the country
   
  hiranya garbha
  A golden fetus; the name of Brahma the Creator; a soul invested with sukshma-sharira, or the subtle body
   
  hylem shadow
  Spiritual shadow located on the right side of the sternum
   
  hridaya chakra
  Heart plexus
   
indriyas
Ten sense-organs of Indian philosophy, subdivided as jnana and karma indriyas. The former are five senses pertaining to perception, knowledge or wisdom, while the latter are five senses pertaining mainly to action
 
  invertendo
  Term coined by Babuji to describe the apparent inversions Truth undergoes as it moves through higher levels of abstraction
   
  isha
  God, as Ruler
   
  ishwara (ishwar)
  Determinate Absolute. God as Existence endowed of all the most subtle attributes
   
  ishwri mandal
  Region of the Determinate Absolute
   
jada samdhi
Lower levels of samadhi
 
jagat guru
  World teacher
   
  jala
  Water; the water element or principle
   
  jal-dan
  Prayerful offering of water
   
  janah
  One of the states of consciousness
   
  janma
  Birth
   
  japa
  Repetition of a mantra
   
  jayanthi
  Birth anniversary
   
  jiva (jivatma)
  Individual incarnated soul. Life
   
  jivan moksha
  Liberation while alive in the physical body
   
  jnana
  Supreme Wisdom or Knowledge leading to Realization
   
jnana bhumika
  Stage or state of knowledge
   
  jnana hinata
  Absence of knowledge or un-knowledge
   
  jnani
  Gnostic; one who is wise; one who has Divine knowledge
   
  jyoti
  Splendor, effulgence
   
  jyotimaya
  Form of effulgence
   
kabir
Indian Saint and Poet of the Middle-ages
 
kalakshapaka
  A person who wastes time
   
  kama
  Desire; love
   
  kantha chakra
  Throat plexus
   
  karana shariri
  Causal body
   
  karma
  Action
   
  karma indriyas
  Organs or senses of action
   
  kasbi
  Acquired condition
   
  kayastha
  A particular caste in North India
   
  kosha
  The five sheaths that contain the essence and together comprise a human being are the food-sheath, breath-sheath, mind-sheath, knowledge-sheath, and bliss-sheath
   
  krishna (lord krishna)
  Most recent incarnation of Vishnu; divine personality in Mahabharata
   
krishna-chakra
  Lord Krishna's weapon
   
  kriya
  Action
   
  krodha
  Anger
   
  kshipta
  Disturbed condition of mind due to sensations such as hunger, thirst, anger, sorrow, desire of fame and wealth
   
  kshobh (kshobha)
  State of disturbance; loss of equilibrium; stir caused by the will of God to effect creation. The original stir
   
  kunda
  Referring to the Kundalini; also, a bowl-shaped vessel
   
  kundalini
  The power which is coiled like a serpent at the base of the spine
   
  kurukshetra
  The battlefield in the Mahabharata
   
  kutcha
  Unfinished, raw
   
lagan
Attachment
 
laya
  Dissolution
   
  layavastha
  The state of merging
   
  lila
  Divine play
   
mahabharata
One of the epic stories of India
 
mahah
  One of the states of consciousness
   
  maha kala chakra (maha kal chakra)
  Wheel of the Supreme. (See footnote in Towards Infinity, discussion on Seventh Knot).
   
  mahamaya
  Subtle energy used by the Divine — Great Maya or great illusion. The spiritual sphere from which avatars come
   
  maha nirvana
  Illumined state
   
  maha parishad
  The highest cosmic functionary; Ruler of the Universe
   
  mahapralaya
  State of complete dissolution when everything in existence merges with the Center. The complete dissolution of the whole universe
   
  maha samadhi
  The final samadhi when a saint renounces his body and enters the brighter world
   
  mahatma
  Great soul, saint
   
  mahato mahiyan
  That which is greater than the greatest
   
mal (mala)
  Impurities
   
  manas
  Psyche, mind
   
  manasa lake (manasarovar)
  Another name for the Brahmanda Mandal
   
  mani padma
  The jewel in the Lotus
   
  manmat
  Disciples who approach a guru for worldly, material goals
   
  manomaya kosha
  Mind sheath
   
  mantra (mantram)
  Recitation of a sacred sound, word, or phrase
   
  math (mutt, matha)
  Spiritual organization
   
  maya
  Phenomenal appearance. It is really a power of God. All manifestation or expansion which seems illusory is the play of Maya. Illusion
   
  moksha
  Liberation or Salvation. But in Sahaj Marg, both are not the same. “Freedom from bondage is Liberation. It is different from Salvation which is not the end of the process of rebirth” (Reality at Dawn)
   
moodha
  Condition of the mind, including tendencies, which cause laziness, indolence and idleness
   
  mudra
  Yogic “seal” or secret practice. Also refers to certain postures and hand gestures
   
  muhurtam
  Auspicious moment
   
  mukti
  Liberation
   
  mumukshu
  A seeker of the spiritual Truth
   
  muni
  See RISHI
   
nabhi (naabhi)
Navel
 
nadi (naadhi)
  Commonly refers to the pulse beat; subtle channels; any physical tubular organs in the body
   
  namasthe (namaskaram)
  Greeting, a salute to the God within
   
  narada
  A Divine sage
   
  nirakar
  Formless
   
  nirguna
  Without attributes or qualities
   
  nirguna brahma
  Indeterminate Absolute. The Ultimate Cause
   
  nirmanakaya
  A created body
   
  nirodha
  Tendency which brings the mental to a state of perfect self-control, free of all complexity and perturbation
   
  nirvana
  Illuminated state
   
nirvikalpa samadhi
  Samadhi in which we are not conscious; ecstasy with the loss of the world-consciousness; consciousness of abstract
   
  nishkam
  Desireless
   
  nishkam karma
  Desireless action
   
  nishkam upasana
  Desireless devotion
   
  nivritti
  Retrogression; destructive return or withdrawal
   
  niyama (niyam)
  Subjected laws which must be followed. They are purity, contentment, austerity, self study, self abandonment (devotion to God).
   
  nyasa
  Something entrusted to another, put in trust
   
ojas
Splendour
 
  omkar
  The sacred syllable “Aum” (OM).
   
  om shanti (om santih)
  Invocation of peace
   
panch agni vidya
Wisdom of the five fires (see footnote in Towards Infinity, discussion on Fifth Knot).
 
  pancha bhutas
  The five elements or principles in Hindu cosmology: earth, water, fire, air, and space
   
  panchamakaara
  The left-hand path, also called Vaamchaara — an esoteric and occult practice of Tantrik schools. They use Matsya (fish), Mamsa (meat), Madhya (alcohol), Mudra (position of fingers during religious worship), Maithuna (copulation) — all beginning with “M” or “Ma,” and since there are five of them it is called the Pancha-makaara, or “Five Ma’s”
   
  pandal
  Tent
   
  pandit
  Learned person, well versed in any subject
   
  para brahman (par brahma)
  Indeterminate Absolute; God as the Ultimate Cause of Existence
   
  para brahmanda
  Supra-cosmic consciousness
   
  para brahmanda mandal
  Supra-cosmic region of the mind
   
  paramanus
  Subtle particles
   
  parishad
  Cosmic functionary below the Maha Parishad who directs the work of the Dhruvadipatis
   
pasus
  Generally refers to all living things; specifically, to animals; most specifically, to cows
   
  patanjali
  Ancient Indian scholar who wrote the Yoga Sutras
   
  pinda (pind)
  Material or gross existence, that which exists in the gross or material state
   
  pinda desh (pinda pradesh)
  Material sphere; the heart region
   
  pitri bhava
  Paternal feeling
   
  prabhu
  Master; God
   
  brabhu-prapanna
  Spiritual condition experienced as being both the Master and one who has surrendered
   
  pradeshas
  Conditions, states
   
  prakriti
  Nature
   
  pralaya
  State of dissolution, applied not to the whole universe but only to a part of it
   
pramana
  Authority, or valid means of knowledge
   
  prana
  Life, breath
   
  pranahuti
  Process of yogic transmission; derived from prana meaning life and ahuti meaning offering. Offering of the life force by the Guru into the disciple’s heart
   
  pranam
  Respectful salutation; obeisance
   
  pranamaya kosha
  Breath sheath
   
  prana pratishta (pran pratishta)
  Power to infuse a spiritual force into a picture or idol
   
  pranava
  The syllable “Aum”
   
  pranava japa
  Chanting the “Aum” or pranava
   
  pranayama
  Derived from prana (life, vital force) and from ayama (to restrain). The regulation of Prana
   
prapanna
  A spiritual stage; also, one who has surrendered
   
  prapti-virodhis
  Enemies of our attainment
   
  prarabdha
  Fate, destiny
   
  prasad (prasadam)
  Divinized food, usually sweet; an offering to Master or God
   
  prasthana trayee
  The three orthodox scriptural books of the Hindus; viz., the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita and the Brahma Sutras
   
  pratyahara (pratyahar)
  The inner withdrawal of the mind (fifth branch of Patanjali’s Yoga).
   
  pratyaksa
  Present before one’s vision or eyes
   
  pravritti
  Progress (constructive); upward growth
   
  preceptor
  An abhyasi chosen, prepared, and permitted by the Master to impart spiritual training through the utilization of pranahuti or yogic transmission
   
prithvi
  The earth; earth element or principle
   
  pucca
  Ripe, complete
   
  puja
  Ripe, complete
   
  pujya
  Revered, respected; used as an honorific at the beginning of a great man’s name
   
  punya
  Righteous or meritorious action
   
  purushartha
  The goal of the human effort — applied at the same time to the purely human goals or the supra-human goals
   
  purva karma
  Past actions, and their effect
   
raja yoga (raj yoga)
Ancient system or science followed by the great rishis and saints which helped them to realize the Self or God. Usually used for meditative practices, as distinguished from hatha yoga
 
  raja Dasharath
  (Surya dynasty) Father of Rama
   
  raja Janak
  Father of Seeta (or Sita).
   
  rajas
  One of the three Gunas. Leads to activity, egoism and selfishness
   
  Ram (Lord Rama)
  Husband of Seeta in the Indian epic story Ramayana
   
  Ramakrishna
  Saint who lived in Calcutta at the end of the nineteenth century and who was Vivekananda’s Master
   
  Ramanuja
  One of the three acharyas; founder of the Vishishta-advaita system of Vedanta Philosophy
   
  Ramayana
  One of the epic stories of India
   
  representative
  In Sahaj Marg, a term reserved for that person who is nominated by a Master as successor; the currently incarnated Master and president of Shri Ram Chandra Mission
   
richa
  Cosmic recording of all thoughts and events
   
  Rig Veda
  One of the Vedas. The others are YAJUR veda, SAMA veda and ARTHARVANA veda
   
  rishi
  Saint; seer; one who has realized Self
   
  rudra shakti
  Destructive power; power possessed by a rudra of whom Shiva is the personification
   
sadguru
Guru capable of giving the knowledge of Truth
 
sadhak
  Disciple who practices a sadhana
   
  sadhana
  Spiritual practice
   
  sadhana chatushtaya
  The four-fold spiritual practice: viveka or discrimination; vairagya or detachment; sampatti, meaning to be engrossed in it, and mumukshutva, to seek liberation
   
  sadhu
  Religious or spiritual person
   
  saguna
  With gunas or characteristics, qualities, and attributes
   
  saguna brahman (saguna brahma)
  God as Existence endowed of all the most subtle attributes. Determinate Absolute
   
  saguna ishwara
  Determinate Absolute; having the quality of Ishwara
   
  sahaj avastha
  Natural state or condition
   
  Sahaj Marg
  Natural path, simple path
   
sahaj samadhi
  Natural samadhi, considered the highest samadhi: simultaneity of total external awareness with total inner emptiness or absorption
   
  sahasra dal-kamall
  Lotus of a thousand petals. Chakra at the top of the head
   
  saheb
  A respectful form of address to a man
   
  sakar
  Tangible form
   
  sakha
  Friend
   
  sakhaya
  Friendship
   
  sakti divine
  Highest energy
   
  sakhya bhava
  Friendly feeling
   
  saloya
  In the same world as another
   
  samaan
  Similar
   
samadhan
  State of self-settledness to the Master’s will
   
  samadhi
  Original balance. State in which we stay attached to Reality. In Sahaj Marg, the return to the original condition, which reigned in the beginning. Babuji split the word into sama, meaning balance, and adhi, meaning original or ancient
   
  samarth guru (samartha guru)
  A perfect guru, who possesses all the qualities. A perfectly balanced guru
   
  samavastha (samatva)
  A balanced state
   
  samipya
  Nearness
   
  sampatti
  A type of human realization. In Sahaj Marg it is also the depth of the spiritual realization
   
  samskars (sanskars)
  Impressions; grossness
   
  sandhi gati
  Merging of two states
   
  sandhya
  Meeting point between day and night
   
sang-e-benamak
  A lump of salt from which saltiness has been taken away
   
  sankalpa
  An act of will
   
  sankirtanists
  Congregational chants
   
  sankirtans
  One who has renounced the world and leads a solitary life of celibacy and asceticism
   
  sannyasi (sannyasin)
  One who has renounced the world and leads a solitary life of celibacy and asceticism
   
  sanskrit
  Culture; also name of the ancient language of India
   
  sanstha
  Spiritual tradition; organization; group
   
  sapta-bhumika
  Seven stages
   
  saraswati
  The goddess of learning
   
sarupyata
  State in which we acquire the same form
   
  sarvamukti
  Simultaneous universal emancipation
   
  sarvam khalvidam bramha
  “All this is but Brahman.” A Vedic statement
   
  sat
  Being, Reality, Existence
   
  satpad (satyapad)
  In Sahaj Marg, state which is neither lightness nor darkness. It is a reflection of the reality which itself is still further
   
  satsangh (satsang)
  1. Spiritual assembly.  2. Being with reality
   
  satsanghi
  One who attends satsangh
   
  sattva
  One of the three gunas. Leads to balance or poise. It manifests in virtuous conduct and brings about happiness
   
  sattvic
  Pertaining to or that which promotes sattva in the body
   
  satyam
  One of the states of consciousness. Also means truth
   
satyodayam
  The dawn of reality
   
  sarupya
  Similarity; become one with; having similar form and appearance
   
  sayodayam
  The dawn of reality
   
  sayujyata
  Close conformity; something identical; become one with
   
  shabda (shabd ajapa)
  Sound, inner vibration within, as opposed to japa
   
  shakti
  Power
   
  shama (sham)
  Peaceful condition of the mind leading to a state of calmness and tranquillity; the first of the shat sampatti
   
  shankar
  Shiva, one of the Trinity in Hinduism, the others being Brahma and Vishnu
   
  Shankaracharya
  Ancient saint of India, who propounded advaita
   
  Shastras
  Holy books (scriptures).
   
shat
  Six
   
  shat sampatti
  Six forms of spiritual attainments in the third Vedantic Sadhana
   
  shatchakras
  The six chakras or plexuses, symbolically denoted as lotuses, situated in the subtle body. They are:
1. Muladhara, or root chakra, at the perineum
2. Svadhidhtana, at the genitals
3. Manipuraka, navel
4. Anahata, heart
5. Vishudha, throat
6. Ajna, center of the eyebrows
   
  shikar (sikhar)
  Crown, top, summit
   
  shithali
  One which endows with coolness
   
  shraddha
  Faith; devotion with faith
   
  shramdan
  An offering of physical labor
   
  shrishti
  Era of Creation in the Indian calendar
   
  siddhis
  Capacity to do miracles; powers
   
siddhopaya
  Readily accessible. Also, ready means
   
  sikhar
  Crown, top
   
  sitting
  A session of meditation, usually lasting from 30 minutes to an hour, in which the Master or a preceptor meditates with a group or an individual for the purpose of cleaning and transmission
   
  sruti
  The basis of each musical note. Also, the Vedas, or revealed scripture
   
  sthitaprajna
  One who is established in the Self. Alternatively, one whose consciousness in merged in the Self
   
  sthula sharir (sthool sharir)
  Gross body
   
  sukshma sharir (sooksma sharir)
  Astral body, subtle body
   
  sudarshan chakra
  Lord Krishna’s finger wheel
   
  suddha sattva body
  Pure body
   
supatra
  Well-deserving person
   
  sushupti
  One of the four states of consciousness. It is described as the consciousness of deep sleep in which a man does not dream. When this state of mind is attained, a man gets in close communion with God, though he remains in a forgetful state
   
  svar
  One of the states of consciousness
   
  svadisthana chakra
  The chakra located at the level of the genital organs
   
  svadhyaya
  Study of holy scriptures combined with practice
   
  Swami Vivekananda
  See Vivekananda
   
  swami
  A Hindu priest. Saint
   
tam
The actual state we were in when the world was born. Real state of being
 
tamas
  One of the three gunas. Inertness. It leads to inactivity, sloth or procrastination
   
  tanum swam vivernute
  "Reveals its own form"
   
  tapah
  One of the states of consciousness
   
  tapasya (tapas)
  Ascetic practices to purify the soul and attract Divine grace. Literally means “heat,” and indicates the heat generated by the friction of intense spiritual practice
   
  tarka
  Reasoning
   
  tattvas
  Elements or principles in Hindu cosmology. (See pancha bhutas)
   
  thas
  Condition of total grossness
   
  tilak
  Pigment mark on the forehead.
   
  titiksha
  State of fortitude or forbearance.
   
trikuti
  The point above the nose between the two eyebrows; one of the points of concentration
   
  turiya
  Fourth state of consciousness, the other three being:
1. Jagrat, the waking state,
2. Svapna, the dreaming state,
3. Sushupti, deep sleep.
   
  turiya avastha
  Fourth state of the soul, when it becomes one with God
   
  turiyatita
  Beyond the turiya condition
   
upadam karan
Cause which itself results in effect. Thus it may be explained as root cause. See kshobh
 
  upadesh
  Sermon. Instruction
   
  upadeshak
  Instructor, advisor.
   
  upanayanam
  Opening of the higher eye
   
  upanishads
  Vedantic part of the Vedas (Jnana Kanda)
   
  uparati
  Self-withdrawal
   
  upasana (upasna)
  Devotional practice
   
  utsav
  Religious celebration
   
  uttarayana
  Six month’s of the sun’s northern path
   
vairagya
Renunciation, detachment
 
vasanas
  Past impressions
   
  vasu
  Another name for Krishna. Also refers to cosmic functionary below the Dhruva, an elevated person who performs the lowest level of godly work entrusted to him
   
  vayu (vaya)
  Air or air principle
   
  vayu nadi
  The air nadi
   
  vedas
  Ancient Indian scriptures, in which a superior knowledge is revealed
   
  vidya
  Knowledge; science
   
  vijnanamaya kosha
  Sheath of knowledge
   
  vikshepa (vikshep)
  Distraction, confusion
   
  vikshipta
  Refers to the tendency which drives the mind away from sacred thoughts and brings about the haunting of numerous irrelevant ideas at the time of meditation
   
vikrakta
  Recluse
   
  virat
  Cosmic
   
  virat desh
  See BRAHMANDA MANDAL
   
  virat roop
  Cosmic form
   
  viryam
  Virility; strength
   
  visesa
  Specific object or quality
   
  Vishnu
  One of the Hindu trinity, God as preserver
   
  vishuddha chakra
  One of the six chakras or plexuses, situated at the base of the throat
   
  vishvarup darshana
  Vision of the Lord’s Cosmic form
   
  viveka
  Discernment; discrimination
   
viveka shakti
  Power of discrimination
   
  vivekachudamanai
  A text written by Adi Shankaracharya
   
  Vivekananda (Swami Vivekananda)
  A great saint of India who lived in the early twentieth century, and was a disciple of Ramakrishna
   
  vrittis
  Outward flow of mind; subtle desires or stimuli coming up in the mind causing action; mental tendencies
   
  vyavahara
  Connection between people; behavior
   
yajnas
Religious rituals, sacrifices
 
yaksha
  A class of semi-divine beings; a living supernatural being
   
  yaksha prasna
  Series of questions asked by a yaksha to Dharma Putra in the Mahabharata
   
  yama
  1. Self interdiction. Vow of abstinence of violence, falsity, robbery, unchastity, and tendency to acquire.
2. Lord of Death
   
  yatra
  Voyage; journey; pilgrimage; the inner spiritual process
   
  yoga
  A system of Hindu philosophy showing means of emancipation of the soul from further migration
   
  yogaja
  Intuitive perception of all objects. One who is born from the yoga practice
   
  yogi (yogin)
  One who practices yoga; one who achieves union with the Absolute
   
  yuj (yuja, yujya)
  To join or unite; to yoke